1. Bauxite Deposits:
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Bauxite is raw/ore material for manufacturing of Alumina/Aluminium, which is having vide role in industrial development of the entire globe. Such deposits occur in the Andhra Pradesh have been estimated to 1000 million tonnes, out of which 570 million tonnes have been investigated at Visakhapatnam and East Godavari districts in 25 pockets covering an area of about 4775 hect. Prominently these deposits are devided into two groups viz. Araku and Chintapalli. All these areas fall in the reserve forest and notified scheduled tribal area. The Government of Andhra Pradesh (GoAP) has reserve ed these deposits for exclusive exploitation in public sector vide G.O.Ms.No. 999, Industries and commerce (Mines-I) Department, dt. 25.10.1975. Accordingly, the Corporation has filed mining lease applications for all these bauxite areas.
Geologically, the bauxite is an insitu sedimentary deposit occur as capping at highly elevated Eastern Ghat hills. Owing to close proximity to the east coast of India these deposits are termed as East coast bauxites. The deposits are derived by the weathering of alumina rich rocks of Eastern Ghat Super group consisting predominantly khondalite, charnockite rocks under tropical conditions. Gibbesite is the main aluminous hydroxide with sub-ordinate amount of diaspora, heamatite, goethite etc., Generally, the deposit consists of the alumina varying between 42% - 56% with low silica (‹ 4%) and titania (‹ 2%).
The GoAP has entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Jindal South West Handling Ltd. Who came forward to establish 1- MTPA Alumina / 0.25 - MTPA Aluminum complex in Visakhapatnam district with an investiment of Rs. 9000/- crore for exploitation of Bauxite mineral reserves of Araku group and Sapparla sub-group. For which the Corporation will supply 240 million tonnes of Bauxite from the said areas in an extent of 2,446 hct.
In respect of the 3 Araku Bauxite deposits, the Corporation got provisional grant of Mining leases duly approval of Mining Plans from Indian Bureau of Mines (IBM). Further, the Corporation has got prepared Catchment area treatment plan (CAT Plan) and Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) covering socio-economic and geological aspects through Indian Council of Forest Research Education (ICFRE)-Dehradun, Detailed study on impact of the Project on hydrology and drainage of the area through M/s MIN MECH Consultancy(P) Ltd., New Delhi and Plan for management and protection of “Blewitts Owl” from the Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History, Coimbattore. The reports received from the said Institutions/Departments have been submitted to the MoEF- GOI, New Delhi for obtaining Forest and Environmental Clearances as a part of getting grant of mining Leases. Basing on the reports the Forest Advisory Committee (FAC) under MoEF has recommended the proposals to the Central Empowerment Committee (CEC) which is under the Hon’ble Supreme Court of India. The Corporation has presented an appraisal of the project before the CEC, for forest clearance in the month of November 2007. The Hon’ble Supreme Court directed the Director General of Forests, MoEF to take appropriate decision after considering the report given by CEC. The orders are yet to be received from MoEF. Further, the Corporation requested the APPCB on 20-08-2009 to conduct public hearing as per directions of MoEF.
Similarly another MoU was signed on 14.02.2007 between GoAP and Government of Ras Al Khimah ( United Arab Emirates) who setup an Alumina plant and Aluminium smelter in A.P with a capacity of 1 million tonne and 2.5 lakh tonn respectively. The Corporation will supply the bauxite needed for the plant from the Jerrila blocks I, II, III & VIII covering an extent of 1162 hect. having a reserves of 224.60 million tonnes. The Corporation has been granted the four Mining leases in the Jerrila area duly obtained pre-requisite approvals of mining plans from the IBM. The corporation got prepared the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)/Environmental Management Plan (EMP) by the Indian Council of Forestry Research & Education, Dehradun duly getting approval of terms of references from the MOE&F. The public hearing was conducted on 03.10.2008 at Chintapalli village required under the notification No. SO 1553, dt 14.09.2006 and the circular thereof issued by MOE & F, Government of India.
Environmental clearance has been accorded for the 4 blocks of Jerilla on 12.12.2008 by the Ministry of Environment & Forest, Government of India. Subsequently, the Government of India has also accorded Environmental clearance on 20.03.2009 for the proposed expansion of Bauxite ore mining from 1.00 MTPA to 3.85 MTPA in an area of 33.5 ha./year out of 460 ha. in the Jerilla block III and other three blocks shall not be worked before the block III is exhausted and reclamation is completed.
The MoEF has also agreed in-principle for diversion of Forest land on 12.08.2008. The corporation is pursuing for final approval which will be issued by the Government of India under section-2 of the Forest Conservation Act, 1980.
A minimum of 0.5% of revenue shall be spent on health, training, social infrastructure and welfare of the Tribals. The Corporation is already imparting training to 200-Tribal Youth (196 on roll at present) of Araku and Ananthagiri mandals of Visakhapatnam in mining and allied activities by paying stipend of Rs.4000/- per month per each trainee and also providing food and washing allowances etc. and in order to absorb them in the industry as far as possible.
2. Mining Zones (Road Metal)
APMDC has taken up a unique project to develop road metal in and around certain urban areas of the state. Seven Mining Zones were identified around Hyderabad, Tirupathy and Vishakhapatnam cities. The APMDC proposes to develop the quarry on its own in an environmental friendly manner and supply the raw material to the crushers located in the mining zones.
The Total estimated reserves in mining zones are placed around 200 Million tons and the approximate value of the reserves is over Rs 5000 crores.
The APMDC has already issued EOI for identification of Quarry Development Operators in these seven areas.
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3. Heavy Mineral Beach Sands
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Resistant and heavy minerals with specific gravity higher than 2.78 generally constitute beach placers which are formed along the coast by wave and wind action. The placers usually contain ilmenite, zircon, rutile, monazite, garnet and sillimanite. These placers are also referred to a black sands and heavy mineral beach sands.
The Corporation already filed applications for grant of Ming Leases in Visakhapatnam, Vizianagaram and Srikakulam Districts covering 156.59 sq.kms. M/s Bothli trade AG, Switzerland based company evinced interest to establish Titanium Sponge and Titanium Metal Industry with an investment of about of Rs.4,000 crores. The GoAP entered into an MOU with M/s Bothli Trade AG on 18-4-2006 covering an extent of 82.37 sq.kms. and consequently the Corporation entered into an agreement on 24-08-2006 with M/s Bothli based on the request by M/s Bothili. The Corporation considered to earmark additional extent of 33.33 Sq.Kms. subject to approval of GoAP. The mining plans in respect of 7 areas earmarked for development under JVC of APMDC with M/s Bothili Trade AG are submitted to IBM and they are under scrutiny for approval.
M/s V.V.Mineral, Chennai also evinced interest to form Joint Venture with the Corporation for mining and mineral separation of Heavy Mineral Beach Sands and also establishment of Value added unit based on the deposits in Gara, Srikakulam mandals of Srikakulam District over an extent of 14.78 sq.kms. Accordingly the Corporation entered into an agreement with M/s V.V.Minerals Pvt.Ltd., on 30-12-2006 as approved by the GoAP. The Mining Plans in respect of 3-areas earmarked for development under JVC of APMDC with M/s V.V Minerals Pvt.Ltd. for Garnet and Sillimanite are submitted to IBM and they are under scrutiny for approval.
4. Low grade Iron – Ore:
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Government reserved low grade Iron Ore deposit areas in Konijedu, Marlapadu, etc villages in Prakasam District over an extent of 3,143 acres for exploitation in public sector.
The Corporation signed an MoU with M/s. Gimpex Ltd., Chennai for exploitation of low grade Iron Ore deposits over an extent of 1307.26 acres and establishment of beneficiation plant under Joint Venture. The annual capacity of the proposed project is 5 lakh MTs and the expected revenue is Rs. 2.25 crores per annum @ Rs. 45 / MT of concentrate produced. This project would generate employment for 500 to 800 people. This project involves investment of Rs. 150 to Rs. 175 crores.
5. Calcite Deposit:
The Corporation holds leases for Calcite in Visakhapatnam district located at S.Nos. 35/p over an extent of 37.896 hect. and at S.Nos. 29/1&2, 33/5 and 34/1-7 over an extent of 8.725 hect. of Nimmalapadu village of Ananthagiri mandal falling in the scheduled tribal area. The Calcite occur in the areas as an intrusive seems to be sandwiched between khondalites and granite gneiss of Easternghat metamorphic rocks. The estimated total reserves of the calcite is about 116 lakh tonnes.
The Corporation has invited Tribal entrepreneurs to exploit the deposit through raising cum sale contract on 07.01.2008. The finalization of entrepreneur is pending due to litigation in Hon’ble High Court.
6 . Manganese:
The ore body in this region is both hard and soft essentially psilomelene and pyrolusite minerals. The available reserves are reportedly of low to medium grade with high content of sulphur and phosphorous. However, the manganese ore reserves in these areas are found adequate for setting up of beneficiation plant. The Corporation has applied two mining leases and seven prospecting leases in Vizianagaram district. The Corporation therefore invites expression of interest for selection of joint venture partner who will establish beneficiation plant by utilisation of the said Manganese ore deposits on 28.02.2009. The finalization of JV Partner is under progress.
The Government of A.P. made out a State Coal Mining Policy wide GOMS No.285, dt.20-10-2006 in order to augment coal production (within the State and outside state) to meet the growing demand for the coal and also with an objective to meet the demand of APGENCO on priority for generation of power. State Coal Mining Policy also intends to fulfil statutory obligation of mining in Tribal areas through public sector undertaking, generation of employment and assured power supply in the state for industrialisation etc. As per this policy APMDC shall operate the coal mines allotted to it by itself, and supply coal to other power generating companies as may be decided by the GOAP after meeting the requirements of APGENCO on priority.
M/s APMDC has applied for 21 coal blocks both in Andhra Pradesh and also in other states - 4 nos in Chattisgarh, 2nos in Madhya Pradesh, 9 nos in Orissa and 6 nos in Jharkhand. The Nuagan Telisahi coal block in Orissa covering an extent of 15 sq km, containing 733 millions tonnes of coal has been jointly allotted to M/s APMDC Ltd and Orissa Mining Corporation (OMC) by the Ministry of Coal, GOI.
M/s APMDC along with M/s OMC jointly field P.L.application for the said Nuagoan – Teli shahi Coal Block on 30-10-2006 The Corporation and M/s OMC shall work out the modus operandi for exploration and exploitation of the said Coal Block on 50:50 sharing basis as desired by Government of India. The Corporation has taken exploration of this coal block through MECL for further grant of mining lease and an agreement was entered by OMC & APMDC with MECL . The exploration was started in February,2008 and expected to be completed by December,2009.
M/s A.P.Mineral Development Corporation Limited has also been conveyed ‘in principle’ consent by the Govt. of India for working of Suliyari Coal Block of NCL, Sidhi District, Madhya Pradesh recently. The Corporation is trying for allotment of other areas also. The Govt. of AP accorded permission to APMDC to call for EoIs for development of Coal Block in Madhya Pradesh.
8. Other Minerals:
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The Corporation notified 25 different areas for other minerals like Iron Ore in Ananthapur, Kurnool, Kadapa Districts, Calcite in Visakhapatnam District, Blue Granite in Srikakulam District, Laterite in East Godavari District, Slates, Lead, Zinc, Dolomite in Guntur District to select JVC partners for speedy development of these areas. There is a good response and 592 applicants came forward to exploit these reserves. The Corporation is in the process of working out the modalities for exploitation of the minerals in these areas and selection of JV partners. Further, the Corporation submitted proposals on the recommendations of Technical Committee to the High Powered Committee for finalization. The Committee accepted the recommendations of Technical Committee in toto. APMDC issued allotment letters to the selected parties.
The Corporation has been granted quarry leases for Road metal quarries at Durgasamudram (307.913 hect), Chandragiri (66.538 hect) of Chitoor district and for remaining areas Corporation is pursing with Department of Mines & Geology for grant.
9. Silica sand :
The Corporation is having a mining lease for silica sand in Nellore district. The Corporation entered into an agreement with M/s Sri Sai Minerals, Nellore on 30-11-2006 for exploiting the deposit on Raising-cum-Sale basis. The Corporation receives a minimum consideration of Rs.3.35 lakhs per annum. Recently Government has proposed to cancel the lease as it falls in CRZ zone.
10. Ordinary sand:
The Corporation perceives the opportunities for development and operating temporary permits for ordinary sand in Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, East Godavari, Krishna etc districts.
A Temporary permit has been executed on 22.12.2008 for a period of 2-months in East Godavari district by the corporation at River Gowthami-left bank to a tune of 20 lakh cub. Mt of sand supply to Gujarat State Petroleum Corporation Ltd. for filling up of the low laying areas of proposed Gas processing plant and condensate storage unit at Mallavaram village of Tallarevu mandal, East Godavari District at a consideration of Rs. 400 lakh. Besides that an amount of Rs. 720 lakh towards seigniorage fee and 44.8 lakh towards sales tax have been collected for exchequer.
Fullerene is carbon allotrope C60, accidentally discovered by Harold Kroto, Robert Curl and Richard Smalley while investigating absorption spectra of interstellar dust. This form of carbon was named after renowned British architect Buckminster Fuller, who designed many geodesic domes. The structure of fullerene resembles soccer ball and nicknamed as buckyball after his first name and as Fullerene his last name. Fullerene C60 has sixty carbon atoms with exactly 60 vertices with both six sided and five sided segments resembling a spherical cage.